Revision for Unit B Assessment

Theme B: Religion and life
Students should study religious teachings, and religious, philosophical and ethical arguments, relating to the issues that follow, and their impact and influence in the modern world. They should be aware of contrasting perspectives in contemporary British society on all of these issues. They must be able to explain contrasting beliefs on the following three issues with reference to the main religious tradition in Britain (Christianity) and one or more other religious traditions:

  • Abortion.
  • Euthanasia.
  • Animal experimentation.


The origins and value of the universe
The origins of the universe, including:
– religious teachings about the origins of the universe, and different interpretations of these
– the relationship between scientific views, such as the Big Bang theory, and religious views.


The origins and value of human life
The origins of life, including:
– religious teachings about the origins of human life, and different interpretations of these
the relationship between scientific views, such as evolution, and religious views.


The concepts of sanctity of life and the quality of life.
Abortion, including situations when the mother’s life is at risk.
Ethical arguments related to abortion, including those based on the sanctity of life and quality of life.
Euthanasia.
Beliefs about death and an afterlife, and their impact on beliefs about the value of human life.


The value of the world and the duty of human beings to protect it, including religious teaching about stewardship, dominion, responsibility, awe and wonder.
The use and abuse of the environment, including the use of natural resources, pollution.
The use and abuse of animals, including:
– animal experimentation
– the use of animals for food.

How is the assessment marked?

MarksCommand WordMark Scheme
1Which… Identify Keyword
2Give two… State two ‘X’(words)
4Explain two contrasting ways in which X’ is…. in Christianity/IslamSimple explanation of a relevant & accurate contrast – 1 mrk
Detailed explanation of a relevant & accurate contrast – 2 mrk
Simple explanation of a relevant & accurate contrast – 1 mrk
Detailed explanation of a relevant & accurate contrast – 2 mrk
5Explain two ways in which ‘X’ refer to scripture…Simple explanation of a relevant and accurate way – 1mrk
Detailed explanation of a relevant and accurate way – 2mrk
Simple explanation of a relevant and accurate way – 1mrk
Detailed explanation of a relevant and accurate way – 2mrk
Relevant and accurate reference to scripture or sacred writing – 1mrk
12“…” Evaluate this statement. In your answer you should:  refer to Christian/Hindu teaching, give developed arguments to support this statement, developed arguments to support a different point of view, reach a justified conclusion.Level 4: 12-10mrks:  A well-argued response, reasoned consideration of different points of view. Logical chains of reasoning leading to judgement(s) supported by knowledge and understanding of relevant evidence and information.
Level 3: 9-7mrks:  Reasoned consideration of different points of view. Logical chains of reasoning that draw on knowledge and understanding of relevant evidence and information.
Level 2: 6-4mrks:  Reasoned consideration of a point of view. A logical chain of reasoning drawing on knowledge and understanding of relevant evidence and information. OR Recognition of different points of view, each supported by relevant reasons / evidence.
Level 1: 3-1mrks:  Point of view with reason(s) stated in support.
0: Nothing of credit. 

Key terms

AbortionDeliberate expulsion of the foetus from the womb with intention to destroy it.
Active euthanasiaActive steps are taken to end a life e.g. medicine is given
AfterlifeBeliefs about what happens after we die to our self/ soul.
Animal rightsThe idea that animals should have rights because of respect for life.
AweAn overwhelming feeling often of reverence with a link to God.
Big Bang TheoryThe scientific view of beginning of the universe.
Charles DarwinThe man who put forward the theory of evolution in the 19th century.
ConceptionWhen the sperm fertilises the female egg so allowing pregnancy.
ConservationTo repair and protect animals and areas of natural beauty.
Creation The idea that God created the world/ universe from nothing.
DeforestationCutting down large amounts of the rainforest
DominionThe idea that humans have the right to control all of creation.
EnvironmentThe world around us.
EternityHaving no end / going on forever
EuthanasiaMercy killing; ending life for someone who is terminally ill, or has degenerative disease
EvolutionThe change in inherited traits in species.
Ex nihiloThe idea that God created the universe from nothing
Fossil fuelsThe Earth’s natural resources – coal, oil and gas.
Fundamentalist ChristiansChristians who believe that the statements in the bible are literally true
HospiceA place that cares for the dying, usually from an incurable disease.
Involuntary euthanasiaEuthanasia is decided by someone else (e.g. if a person is in a coma)
Natural resourcesThe resources the earth provides without the aid of mankind.
PesticideChemicals used to kill pests, especially on crops.
PollutionMaking something dirty and contaminated e.g. light, water, air
Pro-choicePressure groups which campaign for the right of a woman to decide on abortion.
Pro-lifePressure groups which campaign against abortion/ euthanasia.
Quality of lifeHow good/ comfortable life is.
Right to dieThe belief that a human being should be able to control their own death.
Sanctity of lifeLife is special and created by God.
ScienceKnowledge coming from observed regularity in nature and experimentation. 
StewardshipDuty to look after the world, and life.
Sustainable developmentBuilding and progress that tries to reduce the impact on the environment for future generations
Sustainable energyResources that are renewable e.g. solar, wind and nuclear power.
VeganA person who does not eat animals or food produced by animas e.g. milk
VegetarianA person who does not eat meat or fish

Exam practice 

1 mark questions

  1. Which one of the following is the number of days the Genesis story says it took God to create the universe?
  1. Four
  2. Forty
  3. Six
  4. Sixty
  1. What is meant by stewardship?
  1. Duty to look after the world
  2. Caring for people in poverty
  3. The sanctity of life
  4. How good /comfortable life is
  1. What is euthanasia?
  1. The termination of an embryo
  2. The death penalty
  3. Mercy killing
  4. The world around us
  1. What is conception?
  1. When the sperm fertilises the egg
  2. A barrier to stop pregnancy
  3. How good / comfortable life is
  4. Chemicals used to kill pests
  1. What is a hospice?
  1. A duty to look after the world
  2. A place that cares for the dying
  3. An act of giving to charity
  4. Mercy killing
  1. What is the sanctity of life?
  1. Mercy killing
  2. Humans have the right to control all of creation 
  3. How good / comfortable life is 
  4. Life is special; created by God
  1. Which one of the following is a religious theory about how the universe began?
  1. The big cloud
  2. Creation 
  3. Collision theory
  4. Atomic theory
  5. Which one of the following means being gently and painlessly put to death?
  1. Stewardship
  2. Euthanasia
  3. Evolution
  4. Dominion

2 mark questions

  1. Give two reasons why religious believers might oppose animal experimentation. 
  1. Give two reasons why religious believers might oppose euthanasia.
  1. Give two reasons why religious believers might oppose abortion. 
  1. Explain two situations in which a person might seek an abortion
  1. Give two reasons why people choose to be vegetarian.
  1. Give two examples of what religious believers might do to help to carry out the duty of stewardship.
  1. Give two religious beliefs about pollution.
  1. Give two religious beliefs about eating meat.
  1. Give two religious beliefs about dominion.

4 mark questions

  1. Explain two contrasting beliefs in contemporary British society about Euthanasia. In your answer you should refer to the main religious tradition of Great Britain and one or more other religious traditions.
  1. Explain two contrasting beliefs in contemporary British society about abortion. In your answer you should refer to the main religious tradition of Great Britain and one or more other religious traditions. 
  1. Explain two contrasting beliefs in contemporary British society about animal experimentation. In your answer you should refer to the main religious tradition of Great Britain and one or more other religious traditions. 
  1. Explain two similar religious beliefs about the use of animals for food. In your answer you must refer to one or more religious traditions.
  1. Explain two similar religious beliefs about the sanctity of life. In your answer you should refer to the main religious tradition of Great Britain and one or more other religious traditions.
  1. Explain two similar religious beliefs about what happens after death. In your answer you should refer to the main religious tradition of Great Britain and one or more other religious traditions.

5 mark questions

  1. Explain two religious beliefs about what happens when a person dies. Refer to sacred writings or another source of Christian belief and teaching in your answer. 
  1. Explain two religious beliefs about abortion. Refer to sacred writings or another source of Christian belief and teaching in your answer. 
  1. Explain two religious beliefs about euthanasia. Refer to sacred writings or another source of Christian belief and teaching in your answer. 
  1. Explain two ways in which Christians respond to environmental issues. Refer to sacred writings or another source of Christian belief and teaching in your answer. 
  1. Explain two ways in which Christians respond to animal experimentation. Refer to sacred writings or another source of Christian belief and teaching in your answer. 
  1. Explain two religious beliefs about the afterlife. Refer to sacred writings or another source of religious belief and teaching in your answer.
  1. Explain two religious beliefs about stewardship. Refer to sacred writings or another source of religious belief and teaching in your answer.

12 mark questions

  1. “It is possible to believe both the story in Genesis 1 and the Big Bang theory.”
  1. “The earth belongs to us so we can do what we like with it.”
  1. “It doesn’t matter if the oil runs out as scientists will invent something to take its place.”
  1. “Humans have been given dominion over the world, so we can do what we want with it.”
  1. ‘There must be life after death.’
  1. ‘Religious believers should not eat meat.’
  1. ‘Global warming is the biggest problem facing humans today’
  1. ‘Religious believers should work harder to fight climate change.’
  1. ‘Eating meat is disrespectful to God’s creation.’
  1. ‘Religious believers should always fight for life to be preserved.’
  1. ‘The only acceptable reason to have an abortion is when the woman’s life is at risk.’
  1. ‘Everyone should have the right to die if that is what they want.’
  1. ‘The right to die should always take priority over the sanctity of life.’
  1. ‘It is not reasonable to believe in life after death.’
  1. ‘Evolution proves that religious beliefs about the origins of life are wrong.’

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